Recently Uttrakhand has witnessed the fury of nature when a devastating flash flood nearly washed away two hydropower projects and killed several people. Many are still missing. Reports said that a portion of Nanda Devi group of glaciers fell into a river that resulted in a avalanche of water and debris. Some reports said it was a Glacial Lake Outbrust Flood. The actual cause of the catastrophic event is being probed.
Glacial lakes are not rare in the Himalayan region. Glacial lakes form when glacial ice or morines or natural depressions impound water. In other words, when glacier create a depression by eroding the land surface and then melts and fill the depression with water this results into formation of a glacial lake.
We are aware of climate change and global warming, the rising temperature is causing glacial retreat. By the end of the century the Himalayas may loss one third of its glacial.
Rapid retreat of glacial increases run-off (Water flowing on the surface) contributes to the growth of glacial lakes and converts some superglacial lakes into morine-dammed lakes. These lakes tend to break the weak and unstable loose morine dam with catastrophic impacts downstream.
Global warming and ice ages are not new in the geological history of Earth but it has been observed that after the industrial revolution because of anthropogenic causes the global temperature is rising at an alerming rate.
The Himalayan region is geologiclly still young and ecologically very sensitive and is prone to adverse impacts of global climate change on account of both natural causes and anthopogenic emissions in other parts of the world as well as those arising out of unplanned developmental activities in the region.
Hey everyone ! I hope all of you are doing pretty good… So, it has been a week since I wrote my last article. Actully I went on a family trip to Darjeeling.
Perhaps you know that I live in Kolkata, so Darjeeling is not very far from my place. With the snow capped peaks of Kanchenjunga in its backdrop Darjeeling is a very beautiful town in eastern India famous for its tea, the narrow – gauge Darjeeling – Himalayan train aka Toy train, and its picturesque landscapes.
Actully this post is not about my travel experience but something that touched my heart during this trip. I’d make a different blog post about my travel experience in Darjeeling.
As you may know that I like people watching. This gives me ideas about new stories and help me build characters for my stories.
If you have been to Darjeeling then you may know that there is famous restaurant named “Keventers” located in Nehru Road.
So, I was waiting outside Keventers for my sister – she was taking icecream from that restaurant. A small boy – most probably 6/7 years old was bagging outside. He was sitting near the entrance of the restaurant. It was very cold but the child had no enough warm clothes on. A few tourists dropped coins in the small bucket resting in front of him. I wanted to help. In the mean time I saw three ladies, one of them was carrying some food items. They stopped near the child and sat with him, the lady with the food packet in her hand offered it to the little boy. He was shy, and only after the ladies insisted him, he accepted the food packet. Three of them asked him to eat. After he finished the food then only the ladies left. They asked him his name, how’s he doing? Where he is from? After they left I and my sister went to meet the little boy. I asked him if he wants something. All he asked for was a packet of popcorn. And, when my sister handed the a packet of popcorn to him, his face gleamed with joy.
I know there’s nothing special in this post but the purpose of sharing this experience with you is to tell you that the things which have little or no value to us are valuable for others.
I don’t know his name, but if any one visit Darjeeling in future and meet that little man ourside that particular restaurant then kindly help him to have a better future.
It took three long years to confess what I was holding for you in my heart. I couldn’t tell you what you mean to me until the last day of college. I knew that you like me and you were having similar feelings too.
It was love at first sight. I missed the first day of college so did you. The 9 AM class had already started when you stood at the door and asked if you’re allowed to come in. I was sitting on the first bench. My eyes met yours. You were and you are the most beautiful women I have ever met in my life. At first glance I lost my heart, fell in love with the wonderful girl, with whom I wanted to live till the end of time.
We spent three years together. Sitting next to you during the lectures was the best feeling ever. When I held your hand for the first time, you smiled.
Unaware of the harsh reality of the world I dreamt of a tiny place in this vast world where you and me could grow old together. When we came to know about our religions it didn’t change anything – love, care, and affection for each other, but after that day we had to stop dreaming about two people living one life. You are the eldest daughter of your family and I am the eldest of mine. You had your family’s dignity to carry on your shoulder. I had my family’s pride resting on my shoulder.
At last, I told you that I love you. That afternoon we cried. Tried to wash away our feelings with tears. Fifteen years ago we lived in a story which will remain unfinished.
Have you enjoyed this short story ? If YES then let me know in the comments.
Since 1960, humankind has conducted several space missions to Mars in order to know the red planet better. Man is planning to establish colonies in Mars but the most essential things Man needs for survival are – Oxygen, water, and food.
Unlike Earth, Mars is covered with regolith that contains perchlorates that are toxic to humans. The gravity on Mars is around 1/3 of that on Earth. Mars receives about half the Sunlight we get on Earth but much higher levels of harmful UV and cosmic rays. The surface temperature of Mars is -60°C and it has a very thin atmosphere. Lower atmospheric pressure will lower the boiling temperature of water.
First land plants appeared on Earth around 470 million years ago, during the Ordovician period. Plants on Earth have evolved and are adapted to terrestrial conditions, but they will not grow well on Mars.
What about a controlled environment ??
In “The Martian,” Mark Watney uses the Martian soil to grow potatoes in a controlled environment. Actually Martian soil does have the nutrients plants would need to survive but the landing site of Astronauts may make the difference. There may not be the right amount of nutrients where the Astronauts will land so fertilizers may need to be added. The perchlorates in the soil would be leached out and separated from the water.
The sacred river Ganges (Ganga) holds a special place in the hearts of every Indian. According to Hindu mythology Goddess Ganga transformed herself into a river to dissolve the sins of King Bhagirath’s forefathers. To reduce the impact of her fall, Lord Shiva gathered Ganga into his matted locks.
The river Ganges originates from the Gangotri glacier. It is situated in the Uttarkashi dustrict of Uttrakhand in Gharwal Himalaya.
Gaumukh is the terminus of the Gangotri Glacier and the source of Bhagirati – one of the headstreams of the holy river Ganges. Currently the Gangotri Glacier is 30.2 km long and between 0.5 and 2.5 km wide.
Since the year 1780, the Gangotri Glacier has been receding, although studies show its retreat quickened after 1971. It is one of the largest glacier in the Himalaya and a major source of water for the holy Ganga. Over the last 25 years, Gangotri Glacier has retreated more than 850 meters with a recession of 76 meters from 1996 to 1999 alone.
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The first group of refugees arrived today. No one is happy, no one wants to welcome these unwanted guests. At some places people are protesting against the acceptance of climate refugees. They are saying that we already have many problems and at this point sharing our home with the neighbor is not possible. On the other hand there is another group that supports acceptance of refugees. “Where will they go? There’s no place for them” they argue. At some point both of them are right. Climate change is a global phenomenon.
Several illegal migrants have died – while illegally crossing the borders. The look on their faces is heart-aching. They have lost their home, their livelihood, and their families. The sea has swollen their world.
This morning I turned on the faucet but there was no water. Later, I switched on the electric motor and in 5 minutes there was plenty of water in the tank but a bizarre thought struck me.
What if someday all the water from The Earth – our only home, disappear? – weird !! Isn’t it ??
So, I did some research and found out that the first thing which will happen is – all the aquatic animals will die within hours. Our oceans will vanish and at their place there will vast basins. As there will be no water no evaportation will take place and there will be no cloud in our sky. As a result there will be no rain. Trees will not get water and soon there will be no vegetation. Herbivores will have no food to eat or water to drink and they’ll die shortly. With the end of the hervibores the carnivores will die by and by. Without rain green forests will turn into barren lands and our blue planet will transform into a life-less desert.
Although it’s a fictional situation that entered into my mind but it is hair-rising. The Earth has abundance of water but unfortunately only 0.3% of the water is useable. The way our climate is changing and the ground water is depleting is really terrifying. There are cities on Earth those have already witnessed Zero day.
Hello everyone. I hope you guys are pretty fine.. What you’re doing these days? Let me know in the comments. I’d like to hear from you.
So, finally 2020 is over and 2021 is here. It may take a while but soon things will get back to normal.
These days I am working on editing my short story collection. At present I am on the 112th page. Let me share a little information about this book.
This short-story collection will have 7 stories, mostly mystery fiction. The core theme of the book is – looking at things or events in our lives from a different prospective. The stories are mixture of romance, folklores, travel experiences, mysterious encounters, paranormal activities etc…
I am hoping to self publish this book in February. I hope you guys will like it.